Skin Cancer


Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of skin cells that often begins development on skin that is exposed to the sun. This form of cancer also occurs on areas of your body not ordinarily exposed to sunlight.

According to Mayo Clinic, there are currently three major types of skin cancer.


This type of skin cancer begins in the basal cells near the surface of the skin. Though it can take many different forms, basal cell carcinoma often appears as semi-transparent bumps on the skin. It is most commonly found in areas of the body that receive significant exposure to the sun. Areas such as the head and neck. The use of sunscreen and limiting sun exposure can be effective ways preventing basal cell carcinoma.


Squamous cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer that affects the middle and outer layers of the skin. Usually treatable, squamous cell carcinoma can be aggressive if ignored. In some cases, spreading to other parts of the body causing serious health risks. This form of cancer is also attributed to prolonged sun and UV exposure (tanning beds). Reduced sun exposure and limited exposure to other sources of UV can be effective in reducing the risk of this type of cancer.


The most serious form of skin cancer is Melanoma. It affects the cells that produce melanin, the pigment that colors your skin. While most commonly found on the skin, melanoma can also be found on the eyes and inside the body. Similar to other types, melanoma is thought to be caused by long-term exposure to sources of UV radiation from the sun and tanning beds. Melanoma can be minimized with the regular use of sunscreen and limiting exposure to sources of UV radiation. It is crucial to look for the warning signs of skin cancer because when found early, melanoma can be treated effectively.

You can help to prevent and reduce your risk of obtaining these cancers by limiting or avoiding exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and also regularly checking your skin for suspicious changes on the body. Early detection of gives you the greatest chance for successful treatment.

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